This paper analyzes the hematologic features and outcome of 13 patients with chromosome 5 abnormalities (monosomy 5 or deletion of 5q), either isolated or with additional anomalies. Among four patients with isolated del (5q), two had a stable refractory macrocytic anemia with thrombocytosis (5q-syndrome). All nine patients with complex karyotypes had acute leukemia or refractory anemia with excess of blasts in acute transformation; two cases were TdT-positive, with a lymphoid or a mixed phenotype. In seven patients, preleukemia preceded overt leukemia, and in six, a prior therapeutic, or occupational exposure to mutagens/carcinogens had occurred. Additional chromosome 7 abnormalities were seen in four cases. The median survival of patients with complex karyotypes was 19 months from the time of diagnosis of the hematologic disorder and 5 months from the time of identification of the chromosome 5 abnormality. Pathogenetic implications of the chromosome 5 monosomy or del (5q) through a proto-oncogene activation and the putative hemopoietic stem cell involvement in a clonal disease are discussed.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Medical and Pediatric Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health