Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for children with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission: A report from the AIEOP registry

Franca Fagioli, Paola Quarello, Marco Zecca, Edoardo Lanino, Carla Rognoni, Adriana Balduzzi, Chiara Messina, Claudio Favre, Roberto Foà, Mimmo Ripaldi, Sergio Rutella, Giuseppe Basso, Arcangelo Prete, Franco Locatelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Children with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission can benefit from allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We analyzed the outcome of 211 children with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission who were given an allogeneic transplant between 1990 and 2008; the outcome of patients who, despite having an indication for transplantation and a suitable donor, did not receive the allograft for different reasons in the same time period was not analyzed. Sixty-nine patients (33%) were transplanted between 1990 and 1999, 58 (27%) between 2000 and 2005, and 84 (40%) between 2005 and 2008. A matched family donor was employed in 138 patients (65%) and an unrelated donor in 73 (35%). The 10-year probabilities of overall and disease-free survival were 63.4% and 61%, respectively. The 10-year cumulative incidences of transplantation-related mortality and relapse were 15% and 24%, respectively. After 1999, no differences in either disease-free survival or transplant-related mortality were observed in patients transplanted from unrelated or matched family donors. In multivariate analysis, grade IV acute graft-versus-host disease was an independent factor associated with worse disease-free survival. By contrast, grade I acute graft-versus-host disease and age at diagnosis between 1 and 9 years were favorable prognostic variables. Our study, not intended to evaluate whether transplantation is superior to chemotherapy for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission and high-risk features, shows that the allograft cured more than 60% of these patients; in the most recent period, the outcome of recipients of grafts from matched family and unrelated donors was comparable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1273-1281
Number of pages9
JournalHaematologica
Volume98
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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