Hemodynamic and humoral effects of chronic treatment with the neutral endopeptidase inhibitor sch 42495 in spontaneously hypertensive rats

Carla Sala, Angela Monopoli, Carlo Casati, Giorgio Ardeleani, Ennio Ongini, Alberto Zanchetti, Alberto Morganti

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Abstract

Blockade of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) degradation by specific neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitors may be useful in treatment of hypertension because of the potential diuretic, natriuretic, and arterial pressure (AP)-lowering effects. To test this possibility, we examined the effects of chronic oral treatment with the NEP inhibitor SCH 42495 on BP, diuresis, natriuresis, plasma ANF, cyclic GMP, and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in conscious unrestrained spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and compared them with the effects induced by the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor spirapril (SPIR). Four groups of adult SHR were treated orally for 4 weeks with placebo, SCH 42495 3 mg/kg twice daily (b.i.d.), SCH 42495 30 mg/kg b.i.d., and spirapril 1 mg/kg b.i.d. Systolic BP (SBP) was measured weekly, and 24-h urine was collected every week for measurement of urinary volume, sodium, potassium, and cyclic GMP excretion. Plasma ANF, cyclic GMP, renin activity (PRA), and aldosterone (ALDO) were determined from blood collected when the rats were killed. After 4-week treatment with SCH 42495, circulating levels of ANF were similar in both SCH 42495- and placebo-treated SHR; plasma cyclic GMP was higher, however, in the treated rats than in controls and urinary cyclic GMP increased only with the higher dose of SCH 42495. PRA and plasma ALDO tended to be lower in both SCH 42495-treated groups than in controls, yet BP, diuresis, and natriuresis throughout the study were not different from controls. In contrast, spirapril decreased BP; this effect was associated with significant increments in renin and decrements in ALDO and ANF, without changes in plasma and urinary cyclic GMP. The results suggest that chronic oral treatment with the NEP inhibitor SCH 42495 increases endogenous ANF activity, as indicated by the increase in its second messenger cyclic GMP, and slightly reduces circulating renin and ALDO but does not affect AP and natriuresis. In contrast, SPIR has a clear depressor and humoral effect. These results cast doubts on the possibility to affect BP and sodium and water excretion with a NEP inhibitor, at least in a volume-independent model of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-708
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume23
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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Keywords

  • Atrial natriuretic factor
  • Cyclic gmp
  • Neutral endopeptidase inhibitors
  • Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
  • Spontaneously hypertensive rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Sala, C., Monopoli, A., Casati, C., Ardeleani, G., Ongini, E., Zanchetti, A., & Morganti, A. (1994). Hemodynamic and humoral effects of chronic treatment with the neutral endopeptidase inhibitor sch 42495 in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 23(5), 703-708.