Hemodynamic factors changing blood flow velocity waveform and profile in normal human brachial artery

G. Baccelli, P. Pignoli, E. Corbellini, P. L. Pizzolati, M. Bassini, T. Longo, A. Zanchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have investigated the influence of changes of perfusion pressure and local peripheral resistance on blood flow velocity waveform and profile in normal human peripheral arteries. Blood flow velocity and profile were recorded from the distal end of the left brachial artery in ten normal subjects by means of an ultrasonic device. The records were obtained in basal conditions and after blood pressure in the brachial artery and local peripheral vascular resistance were changed, separately or together, by progressive inflation of two arm cuffs, one encircling the proximal half of the left arm and the other the middle part of the left forearm. Both blood flow velocity waveform and profile were shown to be markedly modified by changes in perfusion pressure and local peripheral vascular resistance. Reduction of perfusion pressure decreased both forward and reverse peak velocities, but had the largest effect upon reverse velocity. The upslope and the downslope of the forward velocity wave were left unchanged. Increase in local peripheral vascular resistance markedly augmented reverse peak velocity, whether perfusion pressure was normal or reduced. Increased resistance only slightly influenced peak forward velocity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAngiology
Volume36
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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