In this study, we used DNA polymorphisms for carrier detection and prenatal diagnosis of hemophilia A in a large group of Italian families. The restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) investigated were the intragenic polymorphic Bcl I site within the factor VIII gene; the extragenic multiallelic Taq I system at the St14 locus; and the extragenic Bgl II site at the DX13 locus. The factor VIII probe was informative in 30%, St14 in 82%, and DX13 in 60% of obligate carriers. The combination of factor VIII-Bcl I and St14-Taq I showed that 91% of obligate carriers were heterozygotes for one or both; with all three probes, only 4% of obligate carriers were noninformative. In families clearly segregating for hemophilia A, RFLP analysis allowed us to define the carrier status for hemophilia A gene in all 27 women tested. RFLP analysis allowed us to exclude the carrier status in 39 of 45 female relatives of sporadic patients. The combination of RFLP analysis and biological assay of factor VIII allowed us to identify a de novo mutation in the maternal grandfather in 7 of 12 of the families with sporadic cases, for which members of three generations were available for study. Nine of 10 couples requesting prenatal diagnosis provided informative RFLP DNA pattern. Carrier status was excluded in two women, two fetuses were shown to be female, and prenatal diagnosis was carried out in five pregnancies by DNA analysis. Prenatal testing was successful in three instances and failed in two because a sufficient amount of chorionic villous DNA was not obtained for the analysis.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
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