Seven of 112 hemophiliacs infected with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) before 1986 through contaminated plasma products are currently healthy, with CD4 T-cell counts above 500 cells/μL, and have never received antiretroviral therapy (long-term nonprogressors [LTNPs]). Seven age and sex- matched hemophiliacs infected in the same period but who have progressive HIV disease (progressors) and one additional slow-progressing individual were also studied. One hundred-fold, 20-fold, and 10-fold lower levels of full- length HIV RNA in plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and proviral DNA in PBMCs, respectively, were found in LTNPs compared with progressors. Plasma and cell-associated HIV RNA and proviral DNA were lower in LTNPs who tested negative for viral isolation from PBMCs or who were positive only after removal of CD8+ cells. No substantial differences were observed in the in vitro production of chemokines including RANTES, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, MCP-1, and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in supernatants of activated PBMCs or CD8-depleted PBMCs of LTNPs, even when HIV isolation was simultaneously accomplished exclusively after removal of CD8+ cells. Low levels of HIV load and replication in peripheral blood are the strongest correlates of nonprogression in this small number of infected hemophiliacs.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1997|
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