Hemophilia and nonprogressing human immunodeficiency virus type I infection

Elisa Vicenzi, Patrizia Bagnarelli, Elena Santagostino, Silvia Ghezzi, Massimo Alfano, Marina S. Sinnone, Giovanna Fabio, Lucia Turchetto, Gianluca Moretti, Adriano Lazzarin, Alberto Mantovani, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci, Massimo Clementi, Alessandro Gringeri, Guido Poli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Seven of 112 hemophiliacs infected with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) before 1986 through contaminated plasma products are currently healthy, with CD4 T-cell counts above 500 cells/μL, and have never received antiretroviral therapy (long-term nonprogressors [LTNPs]). Seven age and sex- matched hemophiliacs infected in the same period but who have progressive HIV disease (progressors) and one additional slow-progressing individual were also studied. One hundred-fold, 20-fold, and 10-fold lower levels of full- length HIV RNA in plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and proviral DNA in PBMCs, respectively, were found in LTNPs compared with progressors. Plasma and cell-associated HIV RNA and proviral DNA were lower in LTNPs who tested negative for viral isolation from PBMCs or who were positive only after removal of CD8+ cells. No substantial differences were observed in the in vitro production of chemokines including RANTES, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, MCP-1, and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in supernatants of activated PBMCs or CD8-depleted PBMCs of LTNPs, even when HIV isolation was simultaneously accomplished exclusively after removal of CD8+ cells. Low levels of HIV load and replication in peripheral blood are the strongest correlates of nonprogression in this small number of infected hemophiliacs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
JournalBlood
Volume89
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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  • Cite this

    Vicenzi, E., Bagnarelli, P., Santagostino, E., Ghezzi, S., Alfano, M., Sinnone, M. S., Fabio, G., Turchetto, L., Moretti, G., Lazzarin, A., Mantovani, A., Mannucci, P. M., Clementi, M., Gringeri, A., & Poli, G. (1997). Hemophilia and nonprogressing human immunodeficiency virus type I infection. Blood, 89(1), 191-200.