Hemorrhagic cystitis in children undergoing bone marrow transplantation: A putative role for simian virus 40

Manola Comar, Pierlanfranco D'Agaro, Marino Andolina, Natasha Maximova, Fernanda Martini, Mauro Tognon, Cesare Campello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Late-onset hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a well-known severe complication of bone marrow transplantation (BMT), both in adults and in children. Protracted postengraftment HC is associated with graft-versus-host disease and viral infections, mainly caused by BK virus (BKV) or adenovirus (AV). This study investigated whether simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA sequences can be detected in specimens from pediatric patients affected by severe postengraftment HC. Methods. The clinical diagnosis of HC was made in 7 of 28 BMT children. DNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and urine sediment cells and supernatants was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), AV, BKV, JC virus (JCV), and SV40. DNA filter hybridization and sequencing was carried out in SV40-positive samples. Results. SV40 footprints were detected in two of seven cases of HC. Specific SV40 DNA sequences were detected by PCR and by filter hybridization both in urine and in PBMC samples at the HC onset and during the follow-up. The DNA sequencing proved that the amplicons belonged to the SV40 wild-type. Urine samples of the two HC cases tested negative by cell cultures, PCR, or both for HCMV, BKV, JCV, and AV. Conclusions. The detection of SV40 DNA sequences suggest that this simian polyomavirus could be involved, at least in some cases, in the HC occurring in children after BMT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-548
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 27 2004

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Keywords

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Hemorrhagic cystitis
  • Polyomaviruses
  • SV40

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

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