Henoch-Schönlein syndrome and cerebellar hemorrhage: Report of an adolescent case and literature review

Sergio Paolini, Pasquale Ciappetta, Maria Cristina Piattella, Maurizio Domenicucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein syndrome (HSS) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis predominantly affecting children. Symptoms are usually self-limited and only rarely do they involve the central nervous system. Only five published reports describe cases of radiologically proven intracranial hemorrhages complicating HSS. CASE DESCRIPTION: In this 17-year-old boy, a cerebellar hemorrhage developed after aspecific symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection. His past medical history and emerging evidence of systemic bleeding yielded a diagnosis of recurrent HSS. This was the fourth time the disease had recurred since the age of 4. The patient underwent surgical treatment and returned to his normal activities. CONCLUSIONS: Intracerebral hemorrhages during HSS share a favorable prognosis and a posterior lobar localization, typically involving the parieto-occipital region. The case described here is unusual because the patient did not have the typical purpuric rash and unlike published cases, the intracranial hemorrhage marked the onset of HSS rather than complicating a typical HSS presentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-342
Number of pages4
JournalSurgical Neurology
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Cerebellum
  • Henoch-Schönlein
  • Intracranial hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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