Hepatic artery resistance in alcoholic liver disease

Agostino Colli, Massimo Cocciolo, Nicola Mumoli, Nadia Cattalini, Mirella Fraquelli, Dario Conte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patency and direction of flow in portal veins and their branches are generally assessed by duplex Doppler ultrasonography (DDUS), whereas few data are available on hepatic arterial hemodynamics. In this study, resistive (RI) and pulsatility indexes (PI) were calculated at DDUS in 21 controls, 22 chronic alcoholic patients without evidence of liver damage, 19 patients with acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH), 30 patients with chronic vital hepatitis (CVH), 23 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis, and 22 patients with viral- related cirrhosis. Diagnosis was based on clinical and histological findings. Mean ± SD RI was similar in controls and CVH patients (0.64 ± 0.02 and 0.66 ± 0.04, respectively), significantly decreased in alcoholic patients without liver damage and AAH patients (0.61 ± 0.07 and 0.60 ± 0.07) (P <.05), and significantly increased in patients with alcoholic (0.72 ± 0.04) and viral- related cirrhosis (0.74 ± 0.04) (P <.05). It was 0.70 in 39 of the 45 cirrhotic patients (87%) and 12 of the 71 noncirrhotic patients pooled together (17%). A significant correlation was observed between RI and PI (r = .83; P <.05). The coefficients of variation for intraobserver variability were 6.3% ± 5.1% for RI and 10.1% ± 6.2% for PI, and the corresponding figures for interobserver variability were 5.2% ± 3.5% and 9.3% ± 4.6%. These findings support the existence of ethanol- related hepatic arterial vasodilation in AAH and alcoholic patients without liver damage. Progression of liver damage from AAH to cirrhosis profoundly impairs the hepatic responsiveness as a consequence of fibrosis with vascular distortion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1182-1186
Number of pages5
JournalHepatology
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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Alcoholic Liver Diseases
Hepatic Artery
Alcoholic Hepatitis
Liver
Doppler Duplex Ultrasonography
Fibrosis
Alcoholics
Observer Variation
Chronic Hepatitis
Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis
Portal Vein
Vasodilation
Blood Vessels
Ethanol
Hemodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

Colli, A., Cocciolo, M., Mumoli, N., Cattalini, N., Fraquelli, M., & Conte, D. (1998). Hepatic artery resistance in alcoholic liver disease. Hepatology, 28(5), 1182-1186. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.510280503

Hepatic artery resistance in alcoholic liver disease. / Colli, Agostino; Cocciolo, Massimo; Mumoli, Nicola; Cattalini, Nadia; Fraquelli, Mirella; Conte, Dario.

In: Hepatology, Vol. 28, No. 5, 1998, p. 1182-1186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colli, A, Cocciolo, M, Mumoli, N, Cattalini, N, Fraquelli, M & Conte, D 1998, 'Hepatic artery resistance in alcoholic liver disease', Hepatology, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1182-1186. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.510280503
Colli A, Cocciolo M, Mumoli N, Cattalini N, Fraquelli M, Conte D. Hepatic artery resistance in alcoholic liver disease. Hepatology. 1998;28(5):1182-1186. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.510280503
Colli, Agostino ; Cocciolo, Massimo ; Mumoli, Nicola ; Cattalini, Nadia ; Fraquelli, Mirella ; Conte, Dario. / Hepatic artery resistance in alcoholic liver disease. In: Hepatology. 1998 ; Vol. 28, No. 5. pp. 1182-1186.
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