Liver cirrhosis is frequently complicated by the onset of an hepatocellular carcinoma. An accurate monitoring of the cirrhotic patient often assures an early diagnosis, so that an hepatic resection is still possible. Hepatectomy has been accepted as the only chance of cure, but selection of the appropriate extent of surgery has to be made taking into account both the risk of postoperative hepatic failure and oncologic needs. Intraoperative sonography and intermittent hepatic vascular clamping lead to a safer liver resection, while the postoperative course is improved by monitoring the hepatic function and preventing sepsis. In the period November 1973-March 1991, 34 hepatic segmentectomies (unisegmentectomy 47%, bisegmentectomy 38.3%) were performed in our Service in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The clinical stage was defined using a modified Child-Bismuth's grading (A 67.6%, B 32.4%). In the majority of cases (53%), tumors were less than 5 cm in diameter. Perioperative blood loss was less than 1,500 ml and fresh frozen plasma was preferred for volume substitution. The operative (one month) mortality rate was 20.5%. Postoperative complications occurred in 45% of cases. The mean survival rate was 14 months. The above results suggest early detection and curative resection as the best way to improve long term prognosis. Segmentectomy achieves a good balance between liver function preservation and radical exeresis. Postoperative intensive care is needed to prevent complications which might lead to hepatic failure.
|Translated title of the contribution||Hepatic carcinoma in cirrhosis. Segmental liver resections|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Giornale di Chirurgia|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1993|
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