Hepatic morphology abnormalities: beyond cirrhosis

Giuseppe Mamone, Kelvin Cortis, Aquilina Sarah, Settimo Caruso, Roberto Miraglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The diagnosis of cirrhosis can be reached on the basis of established hepatic morphological changes. However, some other conditions can mimic cirrhosis. The aim of this pictorial essay is to review the CT and MRI appearances of hepatic morphology abnormalities in the cirrhotic liver and other diseases, describing pathologic conditions that can mimic cirrhosis, with useful tips for the differential diagnosis. Mimickers of cirrhosis include congenital hepatic fibrosis, Caroli disease, Budd–Chiari Syndrome, hepatoportal sclerosis, cavernous transformation of the portal vein, pseudocirrhosis from metastatic disease, acute liver failure, post-therapeutic morphologic changes in the liver, and infective conditions including schistosomiasis and oriental cholangiohepatitis. Recognizing the hepatic morphological changes in images can help radiologists to diagnose cirrhosis and other diseases in early stages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalAbdominal Radiology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Oct 17 2017

Keywords

  • Cirrhosis
  • Computed tomography
  • Liver
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Mimickers of cirrhosis
  • Morphological abnormalities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology

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