Hepatic steatosis and disease activity in subjects with psoriatic arthritis receiving tumor necrosis factor-α blockers

Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno, Salvatore Iervolino, Rosario Peluso, Anna Russolillo, Roberta Lupoli, Raffaele Scarpa, Giovanni Di Minno, Giovanni Tarantino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Little is known about tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) blockers, disease activity, and liver steatosis (hepatic steatosis; HS) in subjects with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). We prospectively evaluated changes in HS during treatment with TNF-α blockers. Methods: In 48 patients with PsA who had evidence of HS before the beginning of TNF-α blocker treatment, an ultrasound followup examination was performed after a 12-month treatment period with TNF-α blockers. All subjects were stratified according to minimal disease activity (MDA) or not (n-MDA), during treatment with TNF-α blockers. Changes in grade of HS were evaluated in parallel in 42 controls with HS and without PsA. Results: At baseline, no significant difference in HS score was found between PsA subjects and controls (HS scores 1.46 ± 0.65 vs 1.62 ± 0.66, respectively; p = 0.249). At 12-month followup, a worsening HS score was found in 20 (41.7%) patients with PsA and in 6 (14.3%) controls (p = 0.005). Overall, the grade of HS worsening was higher in patients with PsA (0.37 ± 0.70) than in controls (0.09 ± 0.43; p = 0.028). A significantly lower prevalence of worsening HS was found among patients with PsA with MDA, compared with n-MDA subjects (16.7% vs 66.7%, respectively; p = 0.001). Laboratory measures of liver function behaved similarly. The risk of worsening HS in patients with PsA who had MDA was similar to that in controls (HR 1.20, 95% CI 0.34-4.33, p = 0.77), and higher in patients who did not have MDA (HR 4.46, 95% CI 1.73-11.47, p = 0.001, regression analysis). Conclusion: Compared with patients with MDA, those with active disease after 12-month treatment with TNF-α blockers exhibited significantly higher incidence of worsening liver steatosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1042-1046
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Liver steatosis
  • Minimal disease activity
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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