Background/Aims: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is characterized by a higher incidence of iatrogenic biliary lesions. The Authors evaluate the role of hepaticojejunostomy in the treatment of iatrogenic biliary lesions following laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 51 patients observed in the Campania region, Italy from 1991 to 2003. Methodology: The Authors report the data of a ret-rospective multicentric study of 51 patients -39 women (76.47%), 12 men (13.53%)- reoperated on for major biliary lesions following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Hepaticojejunostomy in 20 cases (39.21%) and T-Tube plasty in 20 cases (39.21%) were performed. Results: The mean follow-up was 25.01 months. The mean hospital stay was 25.7 days. 1/51 patients (1.9%) died from intraoperative incontrollable hemorrhage while cumulative postoperative mortality was 9.8% (5/51 patients). Therapeutic success rate of hepaticojejunostomy was 70% with a T-Tube plasty success rate of 65%. 9/51 patients (17.64%) were reoperated while in 4/51 (7.84%) a biliary stent was positioned. In 1/51 patients (1.9%) a biliary cirrhosis and in 3/51 (5.7%) a bioumoral cholestasis was observed. Conclusions: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy causes a higher incidence of iatrogenic biliary lesions. Hepaticojejunostomy gives better long-term results and lower morbidity compared to T-Tube plasty. Management of septic complications in patients with iatrogenic biliary lesions represents the first therapeutic step.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2007|
- Iatrogenic biliary lesion
- Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
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