Hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers have been studied for 22 months in 16 haemodialysed patients, 60 relatives and 17 staff members of a paediatric haemodialysis unit, and in 9 children with chronic renal failure on conservative therapy. None of the 8 children negative for HBV markers and treated with specific immunoglobulins (HBIG) developed signs of hepatitis B. No hepatitis B occurred in 4 staff members after accidental infected needle prick and immunoprophylaxis, although one of them developed passive-active immunity. The immunoprophylaxis effectively prevented diffusion of HBV also in the relatives. Furthermore, HBsAg and HBeAg were found in urine samples of haemodialysed children with residual diuresis.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Helvetica Paediatrica Acta|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health