Hepatitis B virus infection in multitransfused haemophiliacs

G. Nebbia, G. A. Moroni, L. Simoni, M. Belli, V. Carnelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A longitudinal study of 44 haemophilic children, all in a treatment programme with factor concentrates, was undertaken to evaluate the occurrence, characteristics, and evolution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Twenty four children (55%) (group I) showed signs of HBV infection, while 20 (45%) (group II) did not. Age at onset of treatment, number of infusions, and total amount of concentrate received did not show significant differences between the two groups. In group I only four children (16%) had symptomatic acute hepatitis. Chronic liver disease was present in nine patients (38% of infected children). The early age of infection would seem to be an important factor for predicting chronic evolution. Evidence of 6 infection in three children with severe liver disease seemed to confirm the high pathogenicity of this agent. Because of the risks associated with chronic HBV infection a careful follow up of patients positive for hepatitis B surface antigen is mandatory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-584
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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