Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and liver-related mortality: A population-based cohort study in southern Italy

Alberto R. Osella, Giovanni Misciagna, Vito M. Guerra, Marisa Chiloiro, Renato Cuppone, Aldo Cavallini, Alfredo Di Leo, D. Bonelli, C. Campanella, A. Carpinelli, A. Cortese, G. Di Munno, A. Elia, M. Guzzoni Iudice, S. Lomuscio, A. Mazzarisi, V. Pagliarulo, N. Perrone, E. Piccigallo, S. SimoneL. Stagno, D. Taccone, N. Tauro, D. Valentini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common cause of chronic liver diseases but the degree to which these diseases contribute to liver-related mortality is not well established. The aim of this study was to estimate the absolute and relative effects of HCV infection on liver-related mortality. Methods. A population random sample of 2472 subjects aged ≥30 years was enrolled and followed up from 1985 to 1996. At enrolment, a structured interview and a clinical evaluation were performed. Serum samples were tested using HCV ELISA and RIBA HCV. Outcomes were overall and liver-related mortality and tracing procedures included review of office and hospital records, death certificates, and interviews with general practitioners, attending hospital and next of kin. Statistical analysis was performed using Poisson and binomial prospective data regression. Results. Crude overall and liver-related mortality rates were 7.66 (95% CI : 6.68-8.79) and 0.9 (95% CI : 0.3-2.2) per 103 person-years, respectively. For HCV infection effect, incidence rate ratio and difference (per 103 person-year), risk ratio and difference were 27.5 (95% CI : 6.5-115.6), 4 (95% CI : 3-7), 33.1 (95% CI: 7.8-139.3) and 0.06 (95% CI : 0.04-0.08), respectively; all measures were adjusted for age at death, sex and daily alcohol intake. Conclusions. The results show a strong relative but weak absolute effect of HCV infection on liver-related mortality in the 10-year period considered. Poisson and binomial models are virtually equivalent, but the choice of the summarizing measure of effect may have a different impact on health policy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-927
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Volume29
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Binomial models
  • Cohort study
  • HCV infection
  • Liver-related mortality
  • Poisson models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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    Osella, A. R., Misciagna, G., Guerra, V. M., Chiloiro, M., Cuppone, R., Cavallini, A., Di Leo, A., Bonelli, D., Campanella, C., Carpinelli, A., Cortese, A., Di Munno, G., Elia, A., Iudice, M. G., Lomuscio, S., Mazzarisi, A., Pagliarulo, V., Perrone, N., Piccigallo, E., ... Valentini, D. (2000). Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and liver-related mortality: A population-based cohort study in southern Italy. International Journal of Epidemiology, 29(5), 922-927.