Her-2 prognostic value in very early-stage breast cancer: A single-institution retrospective analysis

Pietro Sanpaolo, Viviana Barbieri, Piernicola Pedicini, Vincenzo Fusco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To evaluate overall survival, distant metastases-free survival and local relapse-free survival rates in a subgroup of patients affected by breast cancer expressing Her-2/neu. Data of 195 women affected by very early-stage breast cancer (pT1a-b pN0) who underwent whole breast radiotherapy after conservative surgery with or without chemotherapy and/or hormone therapy between January 2000 and December 2006 were evaluated. Chi-square test was used to compare the distribution of variables (age, tumour histology, oestrogens and progesterone receptors, tumour grading and adjuvant chemotherapy) between Her-2-positive and Her-2-negative patients. Survival rates were analysed with Kaplan-Meier curves; impact of variables on poor outcome was evaluated with Cox regression method. Median follow-up time was 63.5 months (range 13.8-113.6). Her-2/neu-positive patients (32/16.4%), compared to Her-2/neu-negative patients (163/83.6%), were younger (P = 0.0001), were affected by ductal infiltrating carcinoma (P = 0.039), had negative oestrogens receptors (P = 0.0001) and were not treated with chemotherapy (P = 0.001). Her-2-positive patients had lower overall survival (P = 0.00001) and lower distant metastases-free survival (P = 0.00001) compared to Her-2-negative patients, but no difference in local relapse-free survival was found between the two groups (P = 0.28). After multivariate analysis, Her-2-positive status was a prognostic factor for overall survival (P = 0.00001) and for distant metastases-free survival (P = 0.0001), but not for local relapse-free survival (P = 0.97). Her-2-positive patients have lower overall survival and distant metastasesfree survival when compared to Her-2 negative patients but similar local relapse-free survival rates. These patients could be treated with conservative surgery, if feasible, but should receive more aggressive and tailored systemic adjuvant therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-465
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Oncology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Conservative therapy
  • Early-stage breast cancer
  • Her-2/neu oncogene
  • Radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology
  • Medicine(all)

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