Hereditary myopathy with early respiratory failure: Occurrence in various populations

Johanna Palmio, Anni Evilä, Françoise Chapon, Giorgio Tasca, Fengqing Xiang, Björn Bradvik, Bruno Eymard, Andoni Echaniz-Laguna, Jocelyn Laporte, Mikko Kärppä, Ibrahim Mahjneh, Rosaline Quinlivan, Pascal Laforêt, Maxwell Damian, Andres Berardo, Ana Lia Taratuto, Jose Antonio Bueri, Johanna Tommiska, Taneli Raivio, Matthias TuerkPhilipp Gölitz, Frederic Chevessier, Caroline Sewry, Fiona Norwood, Carola Hedberg, Rolf Schröder, Lars Edström, Anders Oldfors, Peter Hackman, Bjarne Udd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective Several families with characteristic features of hereditary myopathy with early respiratory failure (HMERF) have remained without genetic cause. This international study was initiated to clarify epidemiology and the genetic underlying cause in these families, and to characterise the phenotype in our large cohort. Methods DNA samples of all currently known families with HMERF without molecular genetic cause were obtained from 12 families in seven different countries. Clinical, histopathological and muscle imaging data were collected and five biopsy samples made available for further immunohistochemical studies. Genotyping, exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to identify and confirm sequence variations. Results All patients with clinical diagnosis of HMERF were genetically solved by five different titin mutations identified. One mutation has been reported while four are novel, all located exclusively in the FN3 119 domain (A150) of A-band titin. One of the new mutations showed semirecessive inheritance pattern with subclinical myopathy in the heterozygous parents. Typical clinical features were respiratory failure at mid-adulthood in an ambulant patient with very variable degree of muscle weakness. Cytoplasmic bodies were retrospectively observed in all muscle biopsy samples and these were reactive for myofibrillar proteins but not for titin. Conclusions We report an extensive collection of families with HMERF with five different mutations in exon 343 of TTN, which establishes this exon as the primary target for molecular diagnosis of HMERF. Our relatively large number of new families and mutations directly implies that HMERF is not extremely rare, not restricted to Northern Europe and should be considered in undetermined myogenic respiratory failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-353
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Surgery
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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