Hereditary or sporadic polyposis syndromes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Polyposis syndromes are encountered in endoscopy practice, and are considered rare entities, accounting for ≤1% of colorectal cancer. Polyposis can occur within inherited syndromes or as “sporadic” cases of unknown etiology. Their proper characterization is relevant for patient management, and should nowadays drive appropriate genetic tests which have a key role in clinical practice for driving surveillance and colorectal cancer prevention, enlarged to relatives. Polyposis classification is based upon polyp number and histology, familial and personal history. This review will explore the polyposis nosology and their genetic determinants in the emerging scenario of Next Generation Sequencing which allow testing multiples genes in parallel. This capability will likely continue to increase the range of polyposis predisposing genes, contributing to define new clinical entities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-417
Number of pages9
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Inherited predisposition
  • Next generation sequencing
  • Polyposis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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