Heterogeneity of characteristics among housing adaptation clients in Sweden—Relationship to participation and self-rated health

Björg Thordardottir, Carlos Chiatti, Lisa Ekstam, Agneta Malmgren Fänge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the paper was to explore the heterogeneity among housing adaptation clients. Cluster analysis was performed using baseline data from applicants in three Swedish municipalities. The analysis identified six main groups: “adults at risk of disability”, “young old with disabilities”, “well-functioning older adults”, “frail older adults”, “frail older with moderate cognitive impairments” and “resilient oldest old”. The clusters differed significantly in terms of participation frequency and satisfaction in and outside the home as well as in terms of self-rated health. The identification of clusters in a heterogeneous sample served the purpose of finding groups with different characteristics, including participation and self-rated health which could be used to facilitate targeted home-based interventions. The findings indicate that housing adaptions should take person/environment/activity specific characteristics into consideration so that they may fully serve the purpose of facilitating independent living, as well as enhancing participation and health.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 29 2015

Keywords

  • Activity limitations
  • Cluster analysis
  • Participation restrictions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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