In order to investigate the functional role of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in the striatum we performed extracellular and intracellular recordings from a corticostriatal brain slice preparation. The effects of L-2-amino-3-phosphopropionic acid (L-AP3), an antagonist of mGluRs, were studied both on long-term synaptic depression (LTD) and on presynaptic inhibition of excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) Induced by different agonists of mGluRs. L-AP3 produced a dose-dependent (3-30 μM) reduction of the LTD evoked in the striatum by the tetanic stimulation of the corticostriatal pathway. In contrast to this action, L-AP3 (10-100 μM) did not significantly affect the presynaptic inhibitory effect of 1-amino-cyclopentyl-trans-dicarboxylic acid (t-ACPD), an agonist of mGluRs, on corticostriatal transmission. Higher concentrations of L-AP3 (0.3-1 mM) reduced by themselves the EPSP amplitude. The inhibitory effect of t-ACPD on the cortically evoked EPSPs was mimicked either by the active stereoisomer 1S,3R-ACPD or by amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (L-AP4), a glutamate autoreceptor agonist. In some neurons, these inhibitory actions were coupled with membrane depolarizations. The depression of synaptic transmission caused by t-ACPD, 1S,3R-ACPD and L-AP4 was not altered following the induction of LTD. Chronic lithium treatment of the animals (60-120 mg/kg i.p. for 10 days) blocked striatal LTD but not presynaptic inhibition mediated by mGluR agonists. The present findings show that the mechanisms underlying LTD and the presynaptic inhibition induced by different agonists of mGluRs exhibit functional and pharmacological differences. These data suggest heterogeneity of mGluRs in the striatum.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||European Journal of Neuroscience|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
- Metabotropic glutamate receptors
- Synaptic transmission
ASJC Scopus subject areas