Hexamethylmelamine, adriamycin, and cyclophosphamide (HAC) versus cis-dichlorodiamineplatinum, adriamycin, and cyclophosphamide (PAC) in advanced ovarian cancer: A randomized clinical trial

Cristiana Sessa, Giorgio Bolis, Nicoletta Colombo, Maurizio D'Incalci, Bernadette Mermillod, Ivana Valente, Costantino Mangioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

After stratification according to diameter of the largest residual tumor, 120 previously untreated ovarian cancer patients were randomized to receive adriamycin and cyclophosphamide in combination with hexamethylmelamine (HAC) or cis-dichlorodiamineplatinum (PAC). The surgical response rates were 66% to HAC and 70% to PAC, with median times to progression of 14 and 22 months and median survival times of 23 and 24 months, respectively. In patients with residual tumor >2 cm the surgical response rates to HAC and PAC were 56% and 63%, with complete response rates of 13% and 21%, respectively. In two of five complete responders to HAC there has still been no progression at 38 and 48 months, with a median response duration of 25 months. Only one of the nine complete responders to PAC has relapsed, at 33 months, while in the eight others response is maintained at follow-up times of 35-64 months. Myelosuppression was generally mild and similar in the two arms. No significant nonhematological toxicity was reported. It is concluded that at a median follow-up time of 36 months HAC is as effective as PAC in terms of response, duration of remission, and survival in previously untreated advanced ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-228
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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