PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to present an original surgical technique for the treatment of rigid Adult Idiopathic Scoliosis (AdIS) and the results at minimum 2 years follow-up in a cohort of 40 patients.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 40 patients affected by rigid AdIS, older than 40 years and operated with a posterior one stage surgical technique summarized with the acronym Hi-PoAD, (high-density pedicle screws, Ponte osteotomies, asymmetric rods contouring, direct vertebral rotation). The demographic and surgical data were collected, and the improvement of clinical scores and radiologic parameters was obtained after surgery, at 1 and 2 years and at final follow-up, to assess deformity correction, coronal and sagittal balance and clinical outcome.
RESULTS: The average follow-up was 2.9 years (range 2-3.5). Average coronal Cobb angle decreased from 65.0° ± 8.4 to 18.9° ± 3.9 (p < 0.01). Rotation sagittal angle decreased from 26.2° ± 4.4° to 12.4° ± 2.8° (p < 0.01). Mean thoracic kyphosis improved from 23.1° ± 3.6° to 36.0° ± 3.9°. SRS-22 improved form 2.9 ± 0.4 to 3.7 ± 0.6 (p < 0.01). Four early post-operative deep wound infections were observed, all healed after debridement and implant retention. No mechanical complication, junctional kyphosis, deformity progression or non-union were recorded at the last follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Hi-PoAD technique proved to be safe and effective in the treatment of rigid Adult Idiopathic Scoliosis. The reason for the success is related to the combined strategies adopted, that dissipates corrective forces over several levels, reducing mechanical stress at the screw-bone interface and optimizing corrective potential.
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in adult
- Scoliosis technique
- Scoliosis treatment