Hiccups, yawning and gasping

Florinda Ceriani, Roberto Fogliani, Alessandra Kustermann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The anatomical basis and, in particular, the functional significance of the three phenomena discussed in this chapter is still largely obscure. The main link uniting these phenomena is that they all begin to emerge during prenatal life. Additionally, despite being disparate phenomena, hiccups, yawning and gasping have all been associated with breathing and with some form of 'primitive' or 'emergency' respiration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDevelopment of Normal Fetal Movements: The First 25 Weeks of Gestation
PublisherSpringer Milan
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9788847014015
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Anencephali
  • Apnoea
  • Central pattern generators
  • Gasping
  • Hiccups
  • Hypoxia
  • Meconium
  • Phrenic nerve
  • SIDS
  • Singultus
  • Sneeze
  • Synchronous diaphragmatic flutter
  • Yawning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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