High-d-dimer plasma levels predict poor outcome in esophageal variceal bleeding

M. Primignani, A. Dell'Era, P. Bucciarelli, B. Bottasso, M. T. Bajetta, R. de Franchis, M. Cattaneo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Aim: Variceal bleeding carries a high-mortality rate in patients with liver cirrhosis. Since coagulation and fibrinolysis are abnormal in these patients we evaluated whether or not abnormalities of these haemostasis systems were independently related to mortality. Methods: Global coagulation, coagulation activation and fibrinolysis measurements were performed in 43 cirrhotics bleeding from esophageal varices at baseline and during follow-up and in 43 non-bleeding cirrhotic patients at baseline only. Results: Baseline measurements of coagulation activation and fibrinolysis were more impaired in bleeders. In bleeders, prothrombin time, tissue type plasminogen activator antigen and d-dimer plasma levels were persistently more abnormal in patients who died. High-d-dimer, infection, Child-Pugh C class and MELD score ≥17 were the significant predictors of death at univariate analysis. Two different multivariate analyses to assess the independent prognostic value of these variables, one including the Child-Pugh class, the other including MELD, were performed. Independent predictors of death were high-d-dimer and infection, but not Child-Pugh class, in the former; MELD and infection, but not d-dimer, in the latter. Conclusions: Beside infection, high-d-dimer is a stronger predictor of death as compared to Child-Pugh C class, but not to a MELD score ≥17.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-881
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008


  • d-Dimer
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Variceal bleeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology


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