High-density EEG signal processing based on active-source reconstruction for brain network analysis in Alzheimer’s disease

Fabio La Foresta, Francesco Carlo Morabito, Silvia Marino, Serena Dattola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a neurological disorder characterized by a progressive deterioration of brain functions that affects, above all, older adults. It can be difficult to make an early diagnosis because its first symptoms are often associated with normal aging. Electroencephalography (EEG) can be used for evaluating the loss of brain functional connectivity in AD patients. The purpose of this paper is to study the brain network parameters through the estimation of Lagged Linear Connectivity (LLC), computed by eLORETA software, applied to High-Density EEG (HD-EEG) for 84 regions of interest (ROIs). The analysis involved three groups of subjects: 10 controls (CNT), 21 Mild Cognitive Impairment patients (MCI) and 9 AD patients. In particular, the purpose is to compare the results obtained using a 256-channel EEG, the corresponding 10-10 system 64-channel EEG and the corresponding 10-20 system 18-channel EEG, both of which are extracted from the 256-electrode configuration. The computation of the Characteristic Path Length, the Clustering Coefficient, and the Connection Density from HD-EEG configuration reveals a weakening of smallworld properties of MCI and AD patients in comparison to healthy subjects. On the contrary, the variation of the network parameters was not detected correctly when we employed the standard 10-20 configuration. Only the results from HD-EEG are consistent with the expected behavior of the AD brain network.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1031
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Complex network analysis
  • ELORETA
  • High-density EEG
  • Multidimensional signal processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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