High-dose aprotinin: Hemostatic effects in open heart operations

F. Alajmo, G. Calamai, A. M. Perna, G. Melissano, P. Pretelli, M. F. Palmarini, F. Carbonetto, D. Noferi, V. Boddi, A. Palminiello, M. Vaccari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two groups of patients were prospectively studied to evaluate the hemostatic effects of high-dose aprotinin in open heart operations. Group A patients (n = 22) received aprotonin during the entire surgical procedure. Group B patients (n = 12) served as controls. The groups were homogeneous for base variables and for cardiopulmonary bypass duration. Postoperative bleeding was lower in group A (mean, 486 mL) than in group B (830 mL) (p <0.01). The need for banked blood decreased by approximately half in the aprotinin patients (mean: group A, 213 mL; group B, 409 mL). Hemoglobin levels were similar in the two groups (postoperative day 7: group A, 11.29 g/100 mL; group B, 11.26 g/100 mL; NS). Platelet count decreased at the end of the operation in both groups (99,000 and 95,000/mL, respectively); NS) and then increased beyond baseline levels before discharge. No complications were observed that could be attributed to aprotinin. In conclusion, we believe that the use of high-dose aprotinin is safe and effective. It decreases blood loss and reduces the need for banked blood in cardiac operations, particularly in select groups of patients (eg, those undergoing reoperation, Jehovah's Witnesses, those with renal failure).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-539
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume48
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

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