High-dose atorvastatin versus moderate dose on early vascular protection after ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Mara Gavazzoni, Elio Gorga, Giuseppe Derosa, Pamela Maffioli, Marco Metra, Riccardo Raddino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aim: Clinical benefits of early high-dose statin therapy after acute coronary syndromes are widely known; however, there is poor evidence on the specific setting of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and dose-dependent effects of this therapy on endothelial function and inflammatory biomarkers in the most vulnerable phase after acute coronary syndromes: the postdischarge period. In our study, we compared the short-term effects of high (80 mg) vs moderate doses of atorvastatin (20 mg) in patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention on endothelial function and vascular inflammation. The aim of our study was the evaluation of dose-dependent short-term effects. Subjects and methods: We enrolled 52 patients within 48 hours of a STEMI to atorvastatin 80 mg (n=26) or 20 mg (n=26). Every patient underwent endothelial function evaluation by the reactive hyperemia–peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) index on the first day and 1 month after the STEMI. At the same time, we measured lipid profile and serum levels of high-sensitivity CRP, IL6, TNFα, and oxidized LDL. Results: After 1 month of therapy, we observed differences in high-sensitivity CRP levels (0.04±0.02 mg/dL vs 0.36±0.3 mg/dL, P=0.001), IL6 (1.12±0.93 pg/mL vs 3.13±2.84 pg/mL, P=0.03), and improvement in RH-PAT index (1.96±0.16 vs 1.72±0.19, P=0.002) in the group treated with high-dose vs moderate-dose atorvastatin. There was no significant difference in levels of TNFα or oxidized LDL with atorvastatin 20 mg, while there was a reduction in these variables in the group treated with atorvastatin 80 mg. We observed a correlation between high-sensitivity polymerase chain reaction and RH-PAT index on the 30th day after STEMI (r=0.5, P=0.001). Conclusion: Higher dose statin therapy in patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention showed early greater vascular protective effects that moderate dose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3425-3434
Number of pages10
JournalDrug Design, Development and Therapy
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2017

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Endo-PAT
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Vascular inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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