Purpose: To evaluate clinical results of catheter-based interstitial high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy (BT) as adjuvant treatment in previously irradiated recurrent breast cancer. Material and methods: Between January 2011 and September 2015, 31 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed recurrent breast cancer after conservative surgery and conventional whole breast radiotherapy, were retreated with a second conservative surgical resection and reirradiated with adjuvant interstitial HDR-BT. None of the brachytherapy implant was performed during the quadrantectomy procedure. A dose of 34 Gy in 10 fractions, 2 fractions per day, with a minimal interval of 6 hours was delivered. Results: At the time of the implant, the median age of patients was 59.7 years (range, 39.3-74.9 years). The median time from first treatment until BT for local recurrence was 11.9 years (range, 2.5-27.8 years). The median interval between salvage surgery and BT was 3.6 months (range, 1-8.2 months). No acute epidermitis or soft tissue side effects higher than grade 2 were recorded, with good cosmetic results in all patients. Most of the patients presented grade 1-2 late side effects. Only one patient developed grade 3 liponecrosis. After a median follow-up of 73.7 months (range, 28.8-102.4 months), the overall survival and cancer specific survival were 87.1% and 90.3%, respectively; 5-year local control and 5-year progression-free survival rate were 90.3% and 83.9%, respectively. Conclusions: Our preliminary analysis showed that HDR-BT is a feasible treatment for partial breast reirradiation offering very low complications rate and fast procedure. Higher patients' cohort is warranted in order to define the role of this treatment modality in the breast conservative management of local recurrence.
- Breast cancer recurrence
- Interstitial HDR brachytherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging