Purpose: High-dose therapy (HDT) and peripheral-blood stem-cell transplantation (PBSCT) in HIV-associated lymphoma (HIV-Ly) has been recently reported in selected patients. We describe the results of a multi-institutional program of HDT and PBSCT as salvage therapy in HIV-Ly responsive to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in unselected patients. Patients and Methods: Patients with resistant or relapsed HIV-Ly after first-line chemotherapy (CT) underwent PBSC collection after a course of second-line CT or cyclophosphamide and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Patients with chemotherapy-sensitive disease received carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan (BEAM regimen) and PBSC reinfusion. Effective HAART was maintained during the entire program. Results: Sixteen consecutive patients entered the program. Adequate collection of PBSC was obtained in 80% of patients (median CD34+ cells 6.8 × 106/kg). Three patients had early progression. Ten patients (62%) received PBSCT with prompt engraftment in all patients (neutrophils and platelet engraftment after a median of 10 days [range, 8 to 10 days] and 13 days [range, 8 to T 8 days], respectively). No patients died as a result of opportunistic or other infections or treatment-related complications. Eight of nine assessable patients achieved complete remission (one patient after radiotherapy for residual disease) and one patient achieved partial remission. Two patients experienced relapse and died at +10 and +14 months. Six patients are alive and disease free at a median of 8 months after transplantation. Conclusion: Our data confirm that HDT plus PBSCT is feasible and active as salvage therapy in HIV-Ly on a multi-institutional basis and in unselected HAART-responding patients. HIV infection should no longer preclude the opportunity of HDT in patients with lymphoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research