High expression of octamer-binding transcription factor 4A, prominin-1 and aldehyde dehydrogenase strongly indicates involvement in the initiation of lung adenocarcinoma resulting in shorter disease-free intervals

Lourdes Cortes-Dericks, Domenico Galetta, Lorenzo Spaggiari, Ralph Alexander Schmid, Golnaz Karoubi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The increasing relevance of the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis and the impact of CSC-associated markers in the carcinogenesis of solid tumours may provide potential prognostic implications in lung cancer. We propose that a collective genetic analysis of established CSC-related markers will generate data to better define the role of putative CSCs in lung adenocarcinoma (LAC). Methods: Sixty-four paired tumour and non-tumour biopsies from LAC patients were included in this study. Using the quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, we assessed the expression profiles of established CSC-related biomarkers: octamerbinding transcription factor 4 (OCT4A), CD133, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), BMI-1, ATP-binding cassette subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2), SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2) and uPAR, and evaluated their relation to clinicopathological parameters and disease prognosis. Results: All of the above-mentioned CSC-related markers were detectable in both tumour and corresponding normal tissues. Importantly, expression levels of OCT4A, CD133, BMI-1, SOX2 and uPAR were significantly higher (OCT4A, P = 0.0003; CD133, P = 0.002; BMI-1, P = 0.04; SOX2, P = 0.0003; uPAR, P = 0.03) in the tumour compared with those in the non-tumour tissues. By contrast, the quantities of ACBG2 and ALDH were markedly reduced (ACBG2, P = 0.0006; ALDH, P = 0.007) in the tumour relative to those in the normal biopsies. Using multivariate analysis, elevated ALDH and CD133 revealed significant associations in tumour stage (ALDH, P = 0.03; CD133, P = 0.007) and differentiation (ALDH, P = 0.03; CD133, P = 0.018). We observed that ALDH and OCT4A were associated with nodal status (ALDH, P = 0.05; OCT4A, P = 0.03) having lower mRNA levels in tumours with lymph node metastasis, N+, compared with that in N0. High OCT4A levels were significantly correlated with tumour size of 3 cm (P = 0.03). Kaplan-Meier correlation analyses, showed that OCT4A and CD133 were correlated to short disease-free intervals (OCT4A, P = 0.047; CD133, P = 0.033) over a period of 29 months. Conclusions: Our study reveals that CSC-associated markers: OCT4A, CD133 and ALDH are involved in the initial phase of carcinogenesis of LAC, and can be used as predictors of early stage LAC and poor disease-free intervals. In addition, this work validates the relevance of the CSC hypothesis in LAC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Octamer Transcription Factors
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
Neoplastic Stem Cells
Neoplasms
Carcinogenesis
Biopsy
Adenocarcinoma of lung
AC133 Antigen
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Lung Neoplasms
Transcription Factors
Multivariate Analysis
Adenosine Triphosphate
Biomarkers
Lymph Nodes
Neoplasm Metastasis

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)
  • Cancer stem cells
  • Lung cancer
  • Octamer-4 (OCT4A)
  • Prominin-1 (CD133)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{d8588901d416496f98cbbad9c5ac5541,
title = "High expression of octamer-binding transcription factor 4A, prominin-1 and aldehyde dehydrogenase strongly indicates involvement in the initiation of lung adenocarcinoma resulting in shorter disease-free intervals",
abstract = "Objectives: The increasing relevance of the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis and the impact of CSC-associated markers in the carcinogenesis of solid tumours may provide potential prognostic implications in lung cancer. We propose that a collective genetic analysis of established CSC-related markers will generate data to better define the role of putative CSCs in lung adenocarcinoma (LAC). Methods: Sixty-four paired tumour and non-tumour biopsies from LAC patients were included in this study. Using the quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, we assessed the expression profiles of established CSC-related biomarkers: octamerbinding transcription factor 4 (OCT4A), CD133, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), BMI-1, ATP-binding cassette subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2), SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2) and uPAR, and evaluated their relation to clinicopathological parameters and disease prognosis. Results: All of the above-mentioned CSC-related markers were detectable in both tumour and corresponding normal tissues. Importantly, expression levels of OCT4A, CD133, BMI-1, SOX2 and uPAR were significantly higher (OCT4A, P = 0.0003; CD133, P = 0.002; BMI-1, P = 0.04; SOX2, P = 0.0003; uPAR, P = 0.03) in the tumour compared with those in the non-tumour tissues. By contrast, the quantities of ACBG2 and ALDH were markedly reduced (ACBG2, P = 0.0006; ALDH, P = 0.007) in the tumour relative to those in the normal biopsies. Using multivariate analysis, elevated ALDH and CD133 revealed significant associations in tumour stage (ALDH, P = 0.03; CD133, P = 0.007) and differentiation (ALDH, P = 0.03; CD133, P = 0.018). We observed that ALDH and OCT4A were associated with nodal status (ALDH, P = 0.05; OCT4A, P = 0.03) having lower mRNA levels in tumours with lymph node metastasis, N+, compared with that in N0. High OCT4A levels were significantly correlated with tumour size of 3 cm (P = 0.03). Kaplan-Meier correlation analyses, showed that OCT4A and CD133 were correlated to short disease-free intervals (OCT4A, P = 0.047; CD133, P = 0.033) over a period of 29 months. Conclusions: Our study reveals that CSC-associated markers: OCT4A, CD133 and ALDH are involved in the initial phase of carcinogenesis of LAC, and can be used as predictors of early stage LAC and poor disease-free intervals. In addition, this work validates the relevance of the CSC hypothesis in LAC.",
keywords = "Adenocarcinoma, Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), Cancer stem cells, Lung cancer, Octamer-4 (OCT4A), Prominin-1 (CD133)",
author = "Lourdes Cortes-Dericks and Domenico Galetta and Lorenzo Spaggiari and Schmid, {Ralph Alexander} and Golnaz Karoubi",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1093/ejcts/ezs170",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
journal = "European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery",
issn = "1010-7940",
publisher = "European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - High expression of octamer-binding transcription factor 4A, prominin-1 and aldehyde dehydrogenase strongly indicates involvement in the initiation of lung adenocarcinoma resulting in shorter disease-free intervals

AU - Cortes-Dericks, Lourdes

AU - Galetta, Domenico

AU - Spaggiari, Lorenzo

AU - Schmid, Ralph Alexander

AU - Karoubi, Golnaz

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Objectives: The increasing relevance of the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis and the impact of CSC-associated markers in the carcinogenesis of solid tumours may provide potential prognostic implications in lung cancer. We propose that a collective genetic analysis of established CSC-related markers will generate data to better define the role of putative CSCs in lung adenocarcinoma (LAC). Methods: Sixty-four paired tumour and non-tumour biopsies from LAC patients were included in this study. Using the quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, we assessed the expression profiles of established CSC-related biomarkers: octamerbinding transcription factor 4 (OCT4A), CD133, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), BMI-1, ATP-binding cassette subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2), SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2) and uPAR, and evaluated their relation to clinicopathological parameters and disease prognosis. Results: All of the above-mentioned CSC-related markers were detectable in both tumour and corresponding normal tissues. Importantly, expression levels of OCT4A, CD133, BMI-1, SOX2 and uPAR were significantly higher (OCT4A, P = 0.0003; CD133, P = 0.002; BMI-1, P = 0.04; SOX2, P = 0.0003; uPAR, P = 0.03) in the tumour compared with those in the non-tumour tissues. By contrast, the quantities of ACBG2 and ALDH were markedly reduced (ACBG2, P = 0.0006; ALDH, P = 0.007) in the tumour relative to those in the normal biopsies. Using multivariate analysis, elevated ALDH and CD133 revealed significant associations in tumour stage (ALDH, P = 0.03; CD133, P = 0.007) and differentiation (ALDH, P = 0.03; CD133, P = 0.018). We observed that ALDH and OCT4A were associated with nodal status (ALDH, P = 0.05; OCT4A, P = 0.03) having lower mRNA levels in tumours with lymph node metastasis, N+, compared with that in N0. High OCT4A levels were significantly correlated with tumour size of 3 cm (P = 0.03). Kaplan-Meier correlation analyses, showed that OCT4A and CD133 were correlated to short disease-free intervals (OCT4A, P = 0.047; CD133, P = 0.033) over a period of 29 months. Conclusions: Our study reveals that CSC-associated markers: OCT4A, CD133 and ALDH are involved in the initial phase of carcinogenesis of LAC, and can be used as predictors of early stage LAC and poor disease-free intervals. In addition, this work validates the relevance of the CSC hypothesis in LAC.

AB - Objectives: The increasing relevance of the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis and the impact of CSC-associated markers in the carcinogenesis of solid tumours may provide potential prognostic implications in lung cancer. We propose that a collective genetic analysis of established CSC-related markers will generate data to better define the role of putative CSCs in lung adenocarcinoma (LAC). Methods: Sixty-four paired tumour and non-tumour biopsies from LAC patients were included in this study. Using the quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, we assessed the expression profiles of established CSC-related biomarkers: octamerbinding transcription factor 4 (OCT4A), CD133, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), BMI-1, ATP-binding cassette subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2), SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2) and uPAR, and evaluated their relation to clinicopathological parameters and disease prognosis. Results: All of the above-mentioned CSC-related markers were detectable in both tumour and corresponding normal tissues. Importantly, expression levels of OCT4A, CD133, BMI-1, SOX2 and uPAR were significantly higher (OCT4A, P = 0.0003; CD133, P = 0.002; BMI-1, P = 0.04; SOX2, P = 0.0003; uPAR, P = 0.03) in the tumour compared with those in the non-tumour tissues. By contrast, the quantities of ACBG2 and ALDH were markedly reduced (ACBG2, P = 0.0006; ALDH, P = 0.007) in the tumour relative to those in the normal biopsies. Using multivariate analysis, elevated ALDH and CD133 revealed significant associations in tumour stage (ALDH, P = 0.03; CD133, P = 0.007) and differentiation (ALDH, P = 0.03; CD133, P = 0.018). We observed that ALDH and OCT4A were associated with nodal status (ALDH, P = 0.05; OCT4A, P = 0.03) having lower mRNA levels in tumours with lymph node metastasis, N+, compared with that in N0. High OCT4A levels were significantly correlated with tumour size of 3 cm (P = 0.03). Kaplan-Meier correlation analyses, showed that OCT4A and CD133 were correlated to short disease-free intervals (OCT4A, P = 0.047; CD133, P = 0.033) over a period of 29 months. Conclusions: Our study reveals that CSC-associated markers: OCT4A, CD133 and ALDH are involved in the initial phase of carcinogenesis of LAC, and can be used as predictors of early stage LAC and poor disease-free intervals. In addition, this work validates the relevance of the CSC hypothesis in LAC.

KW - Adenocarcinoma

KW - Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)

KW - Cancer stem cells

KW - Lung cancer

KW - Octamer-4 (OCT4A)

KW - Prominin-1 (CD133)

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U2 - 10.1093/ejcts/ezs170

DO - 10.1093/ejcts/ezs170

M3 - Article

C2 - 22529186

AN - SCOPUS:84865352491

VL - 41

JO - European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery

JF - European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery

SN - 1010-7940

IS - 6

ER -