High fasting blood glucose and obesity significantly and independently increase risk of breast cancer death in hormone receptor-positive disease

Pamela Minicozzi, Franco Berrino, Federica Sebastiani, Fabio Falcini, Rosa Vattiato, Francesca Cioccoloni, Gioia Calagreti, Mario Fusco, Maria Francesca Vitale, Rosario Tumino, Aurora Sigona, Mario Budroni, Rosaria Cesaraccio, Giuseppa Candela, Tiziana Scuderi, Maurizio Zarcone, Ildegarda Campisi, Milena Sant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose We investigated the effect of fasting blood glucose and body mass index (BMI) at diagnosis on risk of breast cancer death for cases diagnosed in five Italian cancer registries in 2003-2005 and followed up to the end of 2008. Methods For 1607 Italian women (≥15 years) with information on BMI or blood glucose or diabetes, we analysed the risk of breast cancer death in relation to glucose tertiles (≤84.0, 84.1-94.0, >94.0 mg/dl) plus diabetic and unspecified categories; BMI tertiles (≤23.4, 23.5-27.3, >27.3 kg/m 2, unspecified), stage (T1-3N0M0, T1-3N+M0 plus T4anyNM0, M1, unspecified), oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) status (ER+PR+, ER-PR-, ER and PR unspecified, other), age, chemotherapy and endocrine therapy, using multiple regression models. Separate models for ER+PR+ and ER-PR- cases were also run. Results Patients often had T1-3N0M0, ER+PR+ cancers and received chemotherapy or endocrine therapy; only 6% were M1 and 17% ER-PR-. Diabetic patients were older and had more often high BMI (>27 kg/m2), ER-PR-, M1 cancers than other patients. For ER+PR+ cases, with adjustment for other variables, breast cancer mortality was higher in women with high BMI than those with BMI 23.5-27.3 kg/m2 (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-6.9). Breast cancer mortality was also higher in women with high (>94 mg/dl) blood glucose compared to those with glucose 84.1-94.0 mg/dl (HR = 2.6, 95% CI 1.2-5.7). Conclusion Our results provide evidence that in ER+PR+ patients, high blood glucose and high BMI are independently associated with increased risk of breast cancer death. Detection and correction of these factors in such patients may improve prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3881-3888
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume49
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Blood glucose
  • Breast cancer
  • Hormone receptor status
  • Obesity
  • Risk of death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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