High incidence of familial gastric cancer in Tuscany, a region in Italy

Franco Roviello, Giovanni Corso, Corrado Pedrazzani, Daniele Marrelli, Giulia De Falco, Gianpaolo Suriano, Carla Vindigni, Anna Berardi, Lorenzo Garosi, Alfonso De Stefano, Lorenzo Leoncini, Raquel Seruca, Enrico Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Only 1% of diffuse gastric cancers occur in families with autosomal dominant gastric cancer susceptibility. Germline mutations in the E-cadherin gene account for the hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) syndrome. We studied a large cohort of gastric cancer patients from Tuscany, a region in Italy, to evaluate the presence of familial clustering of gastric cancer. Methods: 238 pedigrees were retrospectively studied by structured interviews. All probands with diagnosed gastric cancer were contacted in-person or by phone and tumor types were assessed in first- and second-degree relatives. Familial aggregation was investigated in order to search for families with suspected HDGC. Results: Familial aggregation for gastric cancer was observed in 79 of 238 cases (33.2%). Among these, there were 64 families (81%) with one gastric cancer other than the proband, 10 families with two gastric cancers (12.7%) and 5 families with three gastric cancers (6.3%). Fourteen families fulfilled the HDGC clinical criteria, one of them presenting with a pathogenic germline mutation in the E-cadherin gene (7.1%). Conclusions: The prevalence of familial HDGC appears extremely high. Since only one pathogenic germline mutation was noted in a family fulfilling the HDGC clinical criteria, factors other than E-cadherin gene mutations may contribute to the familial clustering of HDGC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-247
Number of pages5
JournalOncology
Volume72
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • E-cadherin
  • Familial history of gastric cancer
  • Gastric cancer
  • Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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