High-intensity exercise in female athletes: Effects on bone mass and body composition

F. M. Ulivieri, L. P. Piodi, D. Marinelli, G. Cremonesi, G. Miserocchi, C. Verdoia, P. Gerundini Gherardi, E. Taioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We investigated bone mass and body composition in young healthy athletic women in order to determine the influence of high-impact physical activity on bone, fat and lean mass. In a case-control study, we studied 68 healthy women, aged 18-45 years, divided in two groups (age and body mass index matched): 39 sedentary women and 29 professional karate athletes. Family and medical histories and information on habits and dietary patterns were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD, g/cm2) of whole body, lumbar spine and proximal femur was measured by means of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (Hologic QDR 4500A scanner; Hologic,Waltham, USA; version 8.26). Total and subregional fat and lean whole body masses were also measured (grams). Significantly higher femoral and total body bone masses were found in active women compared to sedentary women (total femur: 1.00±0.09 vs. 0.95±0.10 g/cm2, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005


  • BMD
  • Densitometry
  • Fat mass
  • Karate
  • Lean mass
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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