High level of physical activity preserves the cardioprotective effect of preinfarction angina in elderly patients

Pasquale Abete, Nicola Ferrara, Francesco Cacciatore, Elio Sagnelli, Maria Manzi, Vincenzo Carnovale, Claudio Calabrese, Domenico De Santis, Gianluca Testa, Giancarlo Longobardi, Claudio Napoli, Franco Rengo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the effects of physical activity on preinfarction angina, a clinical equivalent of ischemic preconditioning (PC), in adult and elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Preinfarction angina seems to confer protection against in-hospital mortality in adult but not in elderly patients. However, it has been experimentally demonstrated that exercise training restores the protective effect of PC in the aging heart. METHODS: We retrospectively verified whether physical activity preserved the protective effect of preinfarction angina against in-hospital mortality in 557 elderly patients with AMI. Physical activity was quantified according to the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE). RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 22.2% in elderly patients with preinfarction angina and 27.2% in those without (p = 0.20). When the PASE score was stratified in quartiles (0 to 40, 41 to 56, 57 to 90, >90), a high score was strongly associated with reduced in-hospital mortality (30.8%, 32.2%, 17.2% and 15.3%, respectively, p <0.001 for trend). Interestingly, a high level of physical activity reduced in-hospital mortality in elderly patients with preinfarction angina (35.7%, 35.4%, 12.3% and 4.23%, respectively, p <0.001 for trend) but not in those without (23.0%, 27.2%, 26.0% and 35.0%, respectively, p = 0.35 for trend). Accordingly, the protective role of preinfarction angina on in-hospital mortality was present only in elderly patients showing a high level of physical activity (adjusted odds ratio, 0.09; 95% confidence interval, 0.01 to 0.57; p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity and not preinfarction angina protects against in-hospital mortality in elderly patients with myocardial infarction. Nevertheless, the protective effect of preinfarction angina is preserved in elderly patients with a high level of physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1365
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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