HMGA gene overexpression and rearrangements are frequent in several tumours, but their oncogenic function is still unclear. Here we report of a physical and functional interaction between High Mobility Group A1 (HMGA1) protein and p53 oncosuppressor. We found that HMGA1 binds p53 in vitro and in vivo, and both proteins are present in the same complexes bound to the Bax gene promoter. HMGA1 interferes with the p53-mediated transcription of p53 effectors Bax and p21waf1 while cooperates with p53 in the transcriptional activation of the p53 inhibitor mdm2. This transcriptional modulation is associated with a reduced p53-dependent apoptosis in cells expressing exogenous HMGA1 and p53, or in cells expressing endogenously the proteins and in which p53 was activated by UV-irradiation. Furthermore, antisense inhibition of HMGA1b expression dramatically increases the UV-induced p53-mediated apoptosis. These data define a new physical and functional interaction between HMGA1 and p53 that modulates transcription of p53 target genes and inhibits apoptosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology