High-molecular weight adiponectin isoforms increase after biliopancreatic diversion in obese subjects

Barbara Salani, Lucia Briatore, Gabriella Andraghetti, Gian Franco Adami, Davide Maggi, Renzo Cordera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Our objective was to test the effect of biliopancreatic diversion (BDP) in adiponectin multimerization. Adiponectin, the major protein secreted by adipose tissue, circulates in plasma in different isoforms. The most clinically relevant oligomers are high-molecular weight (HMW) multimers and low-molecular weight (LMW) trimers. Contrasting data on the effect of weight loss on adiponectin isoforms have been reported. Research Methods and Procedures: We measured total plasma adiponectin and HMW and LMW adiponectin oligomers (by Western blot analysis) before and 1 month after BPD, in 18 severely obese subjects. Results: One month after BPD, body weight decreased ∼11%. Total adiponectin showed significant increase after BPD. In addition, we found a significant increase in HMW (percentage) adiponectin oligomers. We found a significant inverse correlation between HMW (percentage) and BMI before and after BPD. Homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance decreased significantly after the BPD, without any significant correlation with total serum adiponectin and adiponectin oligomers. Discussion: A moderate weight loss after BPD increases total and HMW adiponectin oligomers. The significant correlation between BMI and HMW (percentage) adiponectin oligomers but not between BMI and total adiponectin might indicate a role of body fat mass in regulation of adiponectin multimerization. These data suggest that HMW oligomers represent a very sensitive parameter to short-term BMI changes after BPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1511-1514
Number of pages4
JournalObesity
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Adiponectin
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Biliopancreatic diversion
  • Light-molecular weight adiponectin
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Salani, B., Briatore, L., Andraghetti, G., Adami, G. F., Maggi, D., & Cordera, R. (2006). High-molecular weight adiponectin isoforms increase after biliopancreatic diversion in obese subjects. Obesity, 14(9), 1511-1514. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2006.174