High-quality low-dose cardiovascular computed tomography (CCT) in pediatric patients using a 64-slice scanner

Paola Maria Cannaò, Francesco Secchi, Marco Alì, Ida Daniela D'Angelo, Marco Scarabello, Giovanni Di Leo, Francesco Sardanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular computed tomography (CCT) technology is rapidly advancing allowing to perform good quality examinations with a radiation dose as low as 1.2 mSv. However, latest generation scanners are not available in all centers. Purpose: To estimate radiation dose and image quality in pediatric CCT using a standard 64-slice scanner. Material and Methods: A total of 100 patients aged 6.9 ± 5.4 years (mean ± standard deviation) who underwent a 64-slice CCT scan using 80, 100, or 120 kVp, were retrospectively evaluated. Radiation effective dose was calculated on the basis of the dose length product. Two independent readers assessed the image quality through signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and a qualitative score (3 = very good, 2 = good, 1 = poor). Non-parametric tests were used. Results: Fifty-five exams were not electrocardiographically (ECG) triggered, 20 had a prospective ECG triggering, and 25 had retrospective ECG triggering. The median effective dose was 1.3 mSv (interquartile range [IQR] = 0.8–2.7 mSv). Median SNR was 30.6 (IQR = 23.4–33.6) at 120 kVp, 29.4 (IQR = 23.7–34.8) at 100 kVp, and 24.7 (IQR = 19.4–34.3) at 80 kVp. Median CNR was 21.0 (IQR = 14.8–24.4), 19.1 (IQR = 15.6–23.9), and 25.3 (IQR = 19.4–33.4), respectively. Image quality was very good, good, and poor in 56, 39, and 5 patients, respectively. No significant differences were found among voltage groups for SNR (P = 0.486), CNR (P = 0.336), and subjective image quality (P = 0.296). The inter-observer reproducibility was almost perfect (κ = 0.880). Conclusion: High-quality pediatric CCT can be performed using a 64-slice scanner, with a radiation effective dose close to 2 mSv in about 50% of the cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1247-1253
Number of pages7
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume59
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • 64-slice CT
  • Cardiovascular computed tomography
  • congenital heart diseases
  • image quality
  • pediatric computed tomography
  • radiation dose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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