Background: The identification of very low-levels of minority sequences has interesting clinical and diagnostic applications. Among these, non-invasive prenatal diagnosis of genetic diseases on fetal DNA circulating in maternal plasma is an emerging field of application. Methods: A combined approach based on innovative microarray slides coated with a special copolymer was developed for the identification of three polymorphisms located in the causative gene for cystic fibrosis (CF). This technique was applied to the analysis of fetal DNA in maternal plasma from four couples that carried different allelic variants. Results: The use of highly sensitive slides correctly identified fetal paternally inherited alleles without any enrichment strategy. Conclusions: Our results confirm that the high fluorescence signal provided by the optimized substrate may be applied to the identification of any fetal paternally inherited sequence. This helps extend the application of non-invasive prenatal diagnosis to genetic diseases caused by predominant mutations or minor rare molecular defects.
- Fetal DNA in maternal plasma
- Fluorescence amplifying slides
- Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical