Higher in-hospital mortality during weekend admission for acute coronary syndrome: a large-scale cross-sectional Italian study

Giovanni Malanchini, Giulio Giuseppe Stefanini, Margherita Malanchini, Federico Lombardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIMS: An increased mortality risk during weekend hospital admission has been consistently observed. In the present study, we evaluated whether the current improvement in management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has reduced this phenomenon. METHODS AND RESULTS: We extracted data from the Italian National Healthcare System Databank of 80 391 ACS admissions in the region of Lombardia between 2010 and 2014. ICD-9 codes were used to assess the diagnosis. We performed a multiple logistic regression analysis to compare the mortality rates between weekend and weekday admissions.Mean age of the study population was 67.6 years; 30.1% of patients were women. ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) accounts for 42.2% of admissions. The total in-hospital mortality was 3.05% and was positively predicted by weekend admission [odds ratio (OR) 1.13, P = 0.006], age and female sex. The weekend effect on mortality was only significant for STEMI (OR 1.11, P = 0.04) in comparison to non-STEMI (NSTEMI) or unstable angina.The trend of the risk of death was found to be negatively correlated with age: the risk of death was significantly higher in all age clusters younger than 75 (OR 1.22, P < 0.01) and even greater in the very young subgroup under 45 years of age (OR 2.09, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that increased mortality risk is still present during weekend admissions. This phenomenon is particularly evident in younger patients and in individuals admitted for STEMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.)
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

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Acute Coronary Syndrome
Hospital Mortality
Cross-Sectional Studies
Odds Ratio
Mortality
Myocardial Infarction
International Classification of Diseases
Unstable Angina
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Databases
Delivery of Health Care
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Higher in-hospital mortality during weekend admission for acute coronary syndrome: a large-scale cross-sectional Italian study",
abstract = "AIMS: An increased mortality risk during weekend hospital admission has been consistently observed. In the present study, we evaluated whether the current improvement in management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has reduced this phenomenon. METHODS AND RESULTS: We extracted data from the Italian National Healthcare System Databank of 80 391 ACS admissions in the region of Lombardia between 2010 and 2014. ICD-9 codes were used to assess the diagnosis. We performed a multiple logistic regression analysis to compare the mortality rates between weekend and weekday admissions.Mean age of the study population was 67.6 years; 30.1{\%} of patients were women. ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) accounts for 42.2{\%} of admissions. The total in-hospital mortality was 3.05{\%} and was positively predicted by weekend admission [odds ratio (OR) 1.13, P = 0.006], age and female sex. The weekend effect on mortality was only significant for STEMI (OR 1.11, P = 0.04) in comparison to non-STEMI (NSTEMI) or unstable angina.The trend of the risk of death was found to be negatively correlated with age: the risk of death was significantly higher in all age clusters younger than 75 (OR 1.22, P < 0.01) and even greater in the very young subgroup under 45 years of age (OR 2.09, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that increased mortality risk is still present during weekend admissions. This phenomenon is particularly evident in younger patients and in individuals admitted for STEMI.",
author = "Giovanni Malanchini and Stefanini, {Giulio Giuseppe} and Margherita Malanchini and Federico Lombardi",
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T1 - Higher in-hospital mortality during weekend admission for acute coronary syndrome

T2 - a large-scale cross-sectional Italian study

AU - Malanchini, Giovanni

AU - Stefanini, Giulio Giuseppe

AU - Malanchini, Margherita

AU - Lombardi, Federico

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N2 - AIMS: An increased mortality risk during weekend hospital admission has been consistently observed. In the present study, we evaluated whether the current improvement in management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has reduced this phenomenon. METHODS AND RESULTS: We extracted data from the Italian National Healthcare System Databank of 80 391 ACS admissions in the region of Lombardia between 2010 and 2014. ICD-9 codes were used to assess the diagnosis. We performed a multiple logistic regression analysis to compare the mortality rates between weekend and weekday admissions.Mean age of the study population was 67.6 years; 30.1% of patients were women. ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) accounts for 42.2% of admissions. The total in-hospital mortality was 3.05% and was positively predicted by weekend admission [odds ratio (OR) 1.13, P = 0.006], age and female sex. The weekend effect on mortality was only significant for STEMI (OR 1.11, P = 0.04) in comparison to non-STEMI (NSTEMI) or unstable angina.The trend of the risk of death was found to be negatively correlated with age: the risk of death was significantly higher in all age clusters younger than 75 (OR 1.22, P < 0.01) and even greater in the very young subgroup under 45 years of age (OR 2.09, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that increased mortality risk is still present during weekend admissions. This phenomenon is particularly evident in younger patients and in individuals admitted for STEMI.

AB - AIMS: An increased mortality risk during weekend hospital admission has been consistently observed. In the present study, we evaluated whether the current improvement in management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has reduced this phenomenon. METHODS AND RESULTS: We extracted data from the Italian National Healthcare System Databank of 80 391 ACS admissions in the region of Lombardia between 2010 and 2014. ICD-9 codes were used to assess the diagnosis. We performed a multiple logistic regression analysis to compare the mortality rates between weekend and weekday admissions.Mean age of the study population was 67.6 years; 30.1% of patients were women. ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) accounts for 42.2% of admissions. The total in-hospital mortality was 3.05% and was positively predicted by weekend admission [odds ratio (OR) 1.13, P = 0.006], age and female sex. The weekend effect on mortality was only significant for STEMI (OR 1.11, P = 0.04) in comparison to non-STEMI (NSTEMI) or unstable angina.The trend of the risk of death was found to be negatively correlated with age: the risk of death was significantly higher in all age clusters younger than 75 (OR 1.22, P < 0.01) and even greater in the very young subgroup under 45 years of age (OR 2.09, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that increased mortality risk is still present during weekend admissions. This phenomenon is particularly evident in younger patients and in individuals admitted for STEMI.

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