Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Restores CD4+ Vβ T-Cell Repertoire in Patients with Primary Acute HIV Infection but Not in Treatment-Naive HIV+ Patients with Severe Chronic Infection

Andrea Cossarizza, Fabrizio Poccia, Chiara Agrati, Gianpiero D'Offizi, Roberto Bugarini, Marcello Pinti, Vanni Borghi, Cristina Mussini, Roberto Esposito, Giuseppe Ippolito, Pasquale Narciso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In drug-naive HIV+ patients, we analyzed the effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the reconstitution of the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire. We followed 2 groups of patients for 1 year: 18 individuals who experienced acute HIV infection and 24 patients who had HIV infection for many years but never took HAART. They were compared with 10 healthy controls who were longitudinally analyzed for the same period. We performed cytofluorometric analysis of the Vβ TCR repertoire and detected the clonality of different Vβ families by the spectratyping method. A new statistical approach based on the use of mixed models was then employed to analyze the data. Before the beginning of therapy, the repertoire of patients with acute or chronic infection was significantly different from that of healthy controls. After therapy, patients with acute HIV infection showed an improvement of the repertoire among either CD4+ of CD8+ T lymphocytes. Conversely, patients with chronic infection were capable of changing their repertoire among CD8+ but not CD4+ T lymphocytes. Our results indicate that HAART can restore the T-cell repertoire in individuals whose immune system is not severely compromised by the infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-222
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2004

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HAART
  • HIV
  • Protease inhibitors
  • T-cell repertoire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Immunology

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