Highly Porous Titanium Cups versus Hydroxyapatite-Coated Sockets: Midterm Results in Metachronous Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty

Francesco Castagnini, Barbara Bordini, Makiko Yorifuji, Federico Giardina, Simone Natali, Francesco Pardo, Francesco Traina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: Highly porous titanium cups have been recently introduced, with contradictory outcomes. A retrospective consecutive case series involving bilateral metachronous total hip arthroplasties (THA) performed with 2 different cups, i.e., Fixa (F) and Fixa Ti-Por (T) (Adler Ortho, Milan, Italy), and the same stem, was evaluated. T sockets, manufactured using electron beam melting, were supposed to prove superior in terms of clinical results, survival rates, and radiographic parameters in comparison to hydroxyapatite-coated F cups with conventional porosity.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four bilateral metachronous THAs with an F cup on one side and a T socket on the other side were evaluated. Preoperative and postoperative Harris hip scores (HHS) were collected for every patient. Radiographic signs of loosening were assessed. The radiographic signs of osseointegration (radiolucent lines, superolateral buttress, inferomedial buttress, radial trabeculae, and stress shielding) were evaluated.

RESULTS: No intraoperative complications occurred. The mean HHS score was excellent and comparable in both groups. At the mean follow-up of 134 months (F) and 79 months (T), no cup or liner revisions were performed. No radiographic signs of loosening were reported. All of the patients revealed 3 parameters of good bony ingrowth at least. Both groups showed similar radiographic parameters regarding osseointegration, which were stable over the time. Stress shielding was more evident in the T cohort (p =0.07).

CONCLUSION: Highly porous titanium cups produced using an additive manufacturing and electron beam melting technology achieved reliable midterm clinical and radiographic results not inferior to those of second-generation cups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-565
Number of pages7
JournalMedical principles and practice : international journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Electron beam melting
  • Highly porous titanium cups
  • Pore
  • Ti-Por


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