HIPK2 - A therapeutical target to be (re)activated for tumor suppression: Role in p53 activation and HIF-1α inhibition

Lavinia Nardinocchi, Rosa Puca, David Givol, Gabriella D'Orazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Oncosuppressor p53 is often inactivated by either mutations or deregulation of regulatory proteins. These include the homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2) that, by phosphorylating p53 at Ser46 modulates p53 response to DNA damage by inducing pro-apoptotic transcription. There is compelling evidence that HIPK2 is also involved in the response to hypoxia by acting as co-suppressor of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), a major factor in cancer progression that activates the transcription of genes involved in angiogenesis, glucose metabolism and invasion. Hence conditions that induce HIPK2 deregulation would end up in a multifactorial response leading to tumor chemoresistance by affecting p53 activity on one hand and to angiogenesis and cell proliferation by affecting HIF-1 activity on the other hand. For these reasons, HIPK2 protein is a promising target for anti-cancer therapies. HIPK2 can be inhibited by hypoxia. In this respect, we have recently shown that hypoxia-driven HIPK2 downregulation is not irreversible. We found that, zinc supplementation reactivates the hypoxia-inhibited HIPK2, leading to repression of the HIF-1 pathway and restoration of p53Ser46 apoptotic activity. Here, we discuss about these findings and the potential relevance of zinc supplementation to chemotherapy in cancer treatment. The results will be also discussed in light of recent findings showing that cancer treatment with antiangiogenic agents may result in hypoxia and selection of cancer cells with increased tumor aggressiveness and metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1270-1275
Number of pages6
JournalCell Cycle
Volume9
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2010

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Apoptosis
  • Chemoresistance
  • Chemotherapy
  • Gene transcription
  • HIF1α
  • HIPK2
  • Hypoxia
  • p53
  • Zinc supplementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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