Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis without granulocytic infiltration (Kikuchi's lymphadenitis). Morphological and immunohistochemical study of eight cases

M. T. Rivano, B. Falini, H. Stein, S. Canino, C. Ciani, J. Gerdes, R. Ribacchi, M. Gobbi, S. Pileri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Eight examples of histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis without granulocytic infiltration (Kikuchi's lymphadenitis) are described. They occurred in young or middle-aged women who usually complained of latero-cervical lymphadenopathy. Serology revealed significant titres for Epstein-Barr virus and Yersinia enterocolitica serogroup 9 in one of eight and one of six tested. All patients fully recovered within 2 months. On histological examination of the lymph nodes large foci of infiltration were observed in the cortex and/or paracortex: they consisted of variable numbers of small lymphocytes, immunoblasts, macrophages and so-called plasmacytoid T-cells; granulocytes were absent. Necrotic changes varied from single pyknotic cells to extensive areas of necrosis. Immunohistochemistry showed that within the lesion the number of macrophages was inversely proportional to the number of peripheral T-lymphocytes and 'plasmacytoid T-cells'. The latter displayed a phenotype (CD4+, CD10+, CD45+) which, in the absence of macrophage-associated antigens, seemed in keeping with their supposed lymphoid nature. In seven cases peripheral T-lymphocytes predominantly expressed the cytotoxic/suppressor phenotype, while in one remaining case a mild predominance of the helper/inducer subset was observed. In the areas with less extensive tissue necrosis, numerous T-immunoblasts expressed both markers of activation and the proliferation-associated nuclear antigen Ki-67. The results of the present study expand the spectrum of our knowledge and allow speculation as to the biology of this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1027
Number of pages15
JournalHistopathology
Volume11
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Anatomy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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