Histologic findings in patients with clinical and instrumental diagnosis of sporadic arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia

Cristina Chimenti, Maurizio Pieroni, Attilio Maseri, Andrea Frustaci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives We sought to analyze the histologic findings of 30 patients with a diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) based on established clinical and instrumental criteria, who did not have a family history of ARVD. Background The diagnostic role of endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) in patients with a clinical profile of ARVD is still debated. Methods Thirty patients (19 male, 11 female, mean age 27 ± 10 years) with left bundle branch block morphology ventricular tachyarrhythmias and echocardiographic, angiographic, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings diagnostic of ARVD were studied. All patients, besides diagnostic, noninvasive, and invasive cardiac studies, underwent EMB in the apex, anterior free wall, inferior wall of the right ventricle (RV) and in the septal-apical region of the left ventricle. Results Diagnostic histologic features of ARVD were found only in 9 (30%) patients and a myocarditis, according to the Dallas criteria, in the remaining 21 (70%) patients. Morphometric evaluation of RV samples showed significant differences in fatty tissue and myocyte percent area between ARVD and myocarditis (p <0.001). Conversely, no difference was found between the two groups in arrhythmic patterns and structural and functional echocardiographic, angiographic, and MRI RV alterations. Magnetic resonance imaging showed hyperintense signals in 67% of ARVD and in 62% of myocarditis group (p = NS). During follow-up (mean, 23 ± 14 months), all patients with myocarditis remained stable on antiarrhythmic therapy while five patients with ARVD required implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Conclusions A myocarditis involving the RV can mimic ARVD. An EMB appears the most reliable diagnostic technique, with significant prognostic and therapeutic implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2305-2313
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 16 2004

Keywords

  • arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
  • ARVD
  • EMB
  • endomyocardial biopsy
  • high-power field
  • HPF
  • ICD
  • implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • left ventricle/ventricular
  • LV
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • MRI
  • nonsustained ventricular tachycardia
  • nsVT
  • PVB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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