Histological alterations in bone marrow in patients with late engraftment after autologous bone marrow transplantation

C. Annaloro, A. Oriani, E. Pozzoli, D. Lambertenghi Deliliers, V. G. Bertolli, A. Della Volpe, D. Soligo, G. Lambertenghi Deliliers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bone marrow histology after bone marrow transplantation has rarely been studied. Here, we reviewed the pre- and post-transplant bone marrow biopsies (BMB) of 40 acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients autografted in our center, 28 with normal and 12 with delayed peripheral recovery. The two groups were comparable in terms of previous therapy, disease phase and the number of infused cells, and received the same conditioning regimen. In the former group, reduced bone marrow cellularity and mild reticulin abnormalities were usual histological findings; in the latter, five patients had the same pattern, but the other seven had an almost undetectable hematopoietic parenchyma and severe reticulin derangement. One of these seven patients died of reactivated hepatitis B virus infection; the others eventually achieved peripheral recovery, with none of them experiencing a relapse. Autografted AML patients are excellent subjects for histological investigations. They account for the majority of delayed engraftments, the contribution of extramedullary components to the timing of engraftment is minimal, and leukemia relapse cannot be ruled out. These results suggest that BMB is a useful investigation in the workup of late engraftment, A high degree of reticulin derangement with an almost undetectable hematopoietic parenchyma appear to be the morphological hallmarks of late engraftment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-841
Number of pages5
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • AML
  • Autologous BMT
  • Bone marrow biopsy
  • Engraftment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation


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