Histone deacetylase (HDAC)-dependent transcriptional repression of the retinoic acid (RA)-signaling pathway underlies the differentiation block of acute promyelocytic leukemia. RA treatment relieves transcriptional repression and triggers differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia blasts, leading to disease remission. We report that transcriptional repression of RA signaling is a common mechanism in acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs). HDAC inhibitors restored RA-dependent transcriptional activation and triggered terminal differentiation of primary blasts from 23 AML patients. Accordingly, we show that AML1/ETO, the commonest AML-associated fusion protein, is an HDAC-dependent repressor of RA signaling. These findings relate alteration of the RA pathway to myeloid leukemogenesis and underscore the potential of transcriptional/differentiation therapy in AML.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research