History and Pioneers of Cardiac Anesthesia in Italy

Giovanni Landoni, Gianluca Paternoster

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


The first use of extracorporeal circulation in Italy occurred in 1951 in Turin. In the 1960s only 12 heart surgery centers were using extracorporeal circulation to treat patients, and health professionals had to complete their training abroad. During the last 50 years, Italian cardiac anesthesia has become a branch of major importance, and it has experienced a constantly growing number of active centers and professionals. Today, about 50,000 cardiac surgeries are performed every year in approximately 100 centers. Many results have been achieved during this period, thanks to the contribution of several pioneers. In this article, the history of Italian cardiac anesthesia and the role of Italian anesthesiologists in the development of this subspecialty in Italy and Europe are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3383-3385
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019


  • anesthesia
  • cardiac anesthesia
  • cardiac surgery
  • history
  • intensive care
  • Italian anesthesia
  • pioneers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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