History of vasomotor symptoms, extent of coronary artery disease, and clinical outcomes after acute coronary syndrome in postmenopausal women

Luca A. Ferri, Nuccia Morici, Giorgio Bassanelli, Nicoletta Franco, Leonardo Misuraca, Laura Lenatti, Emilia Lo Jacono, Chiara Leuzzi, Elena Corrada, Tiziana C. Aranzulla, Delia Colombo, Angelo Cagnacci, Francesco Prati, Stefano Savonitto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Objective: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) during menopausal transition have been linked to a higher burden of cardiovascular risk factors, subclinical vascular disease, and subsequent vascular events. We aim to investigate the association of VMS with the extent of coronary disease and their prognostic role after an acute coronary syndrome. Methods: The Ladies Acute Coronary Syndrome study enrolled consecutive women with an acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary angiography. A menopause questionnaire was administered during admission. Angiographic data underwent corelab analysis. Six out of 10 enrolling centers participated in 1-year follow-up. Outcome data included the composite endpoint of all-cause mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction, stroke, and rehospitalization for cardiovascular causes within 1 year. Results: Of the 415 women with available angiographic corelab analysis, 373 (90%) had complete 1-year followup. Among them, 202 women had had VMS during menopausal transition. These women had the same mean age at menopause as those without VMS (50 years in both groups), but were younger at presentation (median age 71 vs 76 years; P <0.001), despite a more favorable cardiovascular risk profile (chronic kidney dysfunction 4.5% vs 15.9%; P = 0.001; prior cerebrovascular disease 4.5 vs 12.2%; P = 0.018). Extent of coronary disease at angiography was similar between groups (mean Gensini score 49 vs 51; P = 0.6; mean SYNTAX score 14 vs 16; P = 0.3). Overall cardiovascular events at 1 year did not differ between groups (19% vs 22%; P = 0.5). Conclusions: In postmenopausal women with an acute coronary syndrome, a history of VMS was associated with younger age at presentation, despite a lower vascular disease burden and similar angiographically defined coronary disease as compared with women without VMS. No difference could be found in terms of overall clinical outcomes. These results should be interpreted cautiously as all analyses were unadjusted and did not account for risk factor differences between women with and without a history of VMS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-640
Number of pages6
JournalMenopause
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndromes
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Menopause
  • Vasomotor symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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    Ferri, L. A., Morici, N., Bassanelli, G., Franco, N., Misuraca, L., Lenatti, L., Jacono, E. L., Leuzzi, C., Corrada, E., Aranzulla, T. C., Colombo, D., Cagnacci, A., Prati, F., & Savonitto, S. (2018). History of vasomotor symptoms, extent of coronary artery disease, and clinical outcomes after acute coronary syndrome in postmenopausal women. Menopause, 25(6), 635-640. https://doi.org/10.1097/GME.0000000000001064