HIV-1 coat glycoprotein gp120 induces apoptosis in rat brain neocortex by deranging the arachidonate cascade in favor of prostanoids

Mauro Maccarrone, Monica Bari, M. Tiziana Corasaniti, Robert Nisticò, Giacinto Bagetta, Alessandro Finazzi-Agrò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 coat glycoprotein gp120 causes delayed programmed cell death (apoptosis) in rat brain neocortex. Here, we investigated the possible role of the arachidonate cascade and membrane peroxidation in this process. It is shown that gp120 causes a rapid increase in the activity and expression of the arachidonate-metabolizing enzyme prostaglandin H synthase, paralleled by increased prostaglandin E2 levels. The selective inhibitor of prostaglandin H synthase indomethacin inhibited enzyme activity, reduced prostaglandin E2 content, and partially protected neocortex against gp120-induced apoptosis. Conversely, the activity and expression of the arachidonate-metabolizing enzyme 5-lipoxygenase decreased upon gp120 treatment, as well as the level of its product, leukotriene B4. Treatment with gp120 also reduced membrane lipid peroxidation, and this may be implicated in the execution of programmed cell death. These results suggest that early derangement of the arachidonate cascade in favor of prostanoids may be instrumental in the execution of delayed apoptosis in the brain neocortex of rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-203
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Brain
  • Cyclooxygenase
  • gp120
  • Lipoperoxide
  • Lipoxygenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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